The use of cannabidiol or CBD has become increasingly more prevalent in the last couple of years. You can find it everywhere from your local convenience store to coffee shops or a large chain store specializing in housewares. With such an explosive rise in popularity it’s no surprise that there is a ton of questions and misinformation floating around.
Before we discuss the difference between full spectrum, broad spectrum, CBD isolates and hemp seed oil, let’s briefly touch on how CBD interacts with our body.
The Endocannabinoid Sytem
Our bodies have an elaborate system of neurotransmitters and receptors called the endocannabinoid system. The ESC plays a huge role in regulating a myriad of processes from physiological to cognitive and even mood. There are many cannabinoids present in the hemp plant that can interact with and influence our ECS. The two that are most well-known are THC and CBD, but there are actually more cannabinoids like CBE, CBN, CBG. These all come together to create what is known as a cannabinoid spectrum. The spectrum of each product depends on multiple factors such as the type of strain and extraction method. In addition to the CBD being extracted there are also other beneficial compounds including additional cannabinoids, terpenes and flavonoids.
There are a few different options available to consumers. Here is a quick overview so you can choose the product that best suits your needs.
Full Spectrum is the most common oils on the market. They are called full spectrum because they contain the “full spectrum” of cannabinoids, terpenes, flavonoids and even small amounts of THC. When all of these compounds are combined, they work synergistically, increasing the effectiveness of the oil. This is called the entourage effect.
This is a great choice for a consumer that wants the powerful benefits of the entourage effect and doesn’t mind trace amounts of THC in their products.
Broad spectrum oils are similar to full spectrum as they also contain the multiple cannabinoids terpenes and flavonoids. This means you get the added benefits of the entourage effect, but they went an extra step and removed the THC. Always check the 3rd party testing to make sure the THC is at a non-detectable level.
This is a great choice if you are looking for the entourage effect but aren’t quite comfortable with ingesting THC.
There are also CBD isolates. These are the purest form and contain 99% CBD. This is most commonly extracted for hemp and all the additional cannabinoids, terpenes and flavonoids and THC have been removed. They only contain CBD in a carrier oil. The lack of THC can be a plus for some, but you will have to see if they are effective enough for you.
Hemp Seed oil
I’m always shocked by the amount of people I meet that say, “I’ve been giving my dog hemp seed oil for months and it’s not doing anything”. Well that’s because it doesn’t contain any CBD. It can be extremely confusing as it’s common for hemp seed oil to be used as a carrier oil for full spectrum, broad spectrum and even isolates.
Read the label and see if the product contains anything in addition to the hemp seed oil. If the bottle has an astronomical milligram count and it’s $11.00….. you know what they say about things being too good to be true. Be sure to do your research and make sure you know what you are purchasing.